Canadian Advantage
Skilled Worker
Business Class
Family Class
Immigration Assessment



OTTAWA, November 4, 2005 — Federal, provincial and territorial ministers responsible for immigration have adopted a strategic direction on immigration that will build on the success of Canada’s current immigration program and prepare us to meet the challenges of the 21st century.

The strategic direction builds on Canada’s celebration of diversity and the principles of inclusion and equal opportunity. Together, ministers are fulfilling a November 2004 commitment to work to chart the future course of Canada’s immigration program. (A copy of the Federal, Provincial and Territorial Strategic Direction on Immigration is attached.)

“Immigration has always been, and will continue to be a vital tool for nation building in Canada, and a successful immigration program is essential to our continuing economic and social prosperity,” said the Honourable Joe Volpe, Minister of Citizenship and Immigration. “Today, we have strengthened Canada by building the foundation on which we will develop and deliver programs to enable refugees and immigrants to maximize their opportunities and contributions in every region of the country.”

Canada faces many sectoral and regional labour shortages. Within the next decade newcomers are expected to account for all net labour force growth. As population growth declines in Canada and in most of the developed world, global competition for the skills and talents of immigrants will intensify. While Canada has been successful in attracting and retaining immigrants, federal, provincial and territorial governments will have to collaborate further to promote Canada as a destination, recruit immigrants and ensure their integration into Canadian society.

The ministers reaffirmed their commitment to a flexible immigration program that will continue to meet the unique needs of each province and territory, and that respects existing bilateral agreements and each government’s area of jurisdiction.

“Our economies depend on immigration,” said the Honourable Mike Colle, Ontario Minister of Citizenship and Immigration on behalf of the provinces and territories. “That’s why my provincial and territorial colleagues and I are committed to working with the federal government to make sure our newcomers have every opportunity to succeed. We will continue to share our unique perspectives to help build stronger, diverse communities in all regions of Canada.”

The ministers also identified five key priorities for the coming year. Jurisdictions may pursue them by working collaboratively on joint projects, or by working independently. The priorities are:

  • Improved selection, including multi-year levels planning and better promotion to recruit immigrants;
  • The development of an in-Canada economic class, to better retain those who have Canadian experience or training;
  • Improved outcomes to ensure immigrants’ skills are used to full potential;
  • Increased regionalization, to share the benefits of immigration with local economies; and
  • Improved client service, including shorter waiting times, reduced inventories and streamlining the in-Canada refugee determination system.

Ministers agreed to consult collaboratively with partners and stakeholders on immigration matters as appropriate.

The Government of Quebec recognizes the initiative of the federal government and of the governments of the other provinces and territories to develop strategic directions in the area of immigration. Quebec has already established its own directions in compliance with its jurisdiction under the Canada Québec Accord. While it will pursue its work with the federal government on a bilateral basis, Quebec will continue to share its best practices with other provinces and territories.

Quebec has a wealth of experience in consultation on immigration and on multi year planning according to which it consults with its citizens on all aspects of immigration, based on the objectives it has set. It will therefore continue to use that approach, which has yielded excellent results so far.

“My counterparts and I are pleased with the progress made during our meeting. Now, more than ever, collaborative work with provincial and territorial ministers is crucial for the success of the immigration program,” said Minister Volpe.


For more information (media only):

Stephen Heckbert
Director of Communications
Office of the Minister
(613) 954-1064




Canada’s success in the eyes of the world owes much to the skill, hard work and dedication of immigrants and refugees. Immigration has provided Canada with new ideas and skills that have strengthened our communities and our abilities to innovate both locally and in the global marketplace. Immigration has also increased our respect for cultural diversity and contributed to understanding between peoples.

Increasingly, countries and communities are competing globally to attract investments, skills and talents. Looking to the future, Canada must better connect with the energy and contribution of immigrants to help meet the challenges of tomorrow including our ageing population and the country’s local, regional and sectoral labour market needs.

Vision Statement

Guided by a tradition of welcoming immigrants and refugees, Canada’s federal, provincial and territorial governments will work collaboratively to promote Canada as an attractive destination for immigrants. In addition, they will develop and deliver programs that enable refugees and immigrants to maximise their opportunities and contributions, in every region of the country, while ensuring Canada’s national security and economic vitality in a global economy.


In working to achieve this Vision, Canada’s federal, provincial and territorial governments agree to*:

  • work collaboratively in areas of common interest and shared jurisdiction, including reaching out to interested stakeholders through joint consultation where appropriate;
  • respect each jurisdiction’s roles and responsibilities, including the responsibilities of Quebec identified under the Canada-Quebec Accord and other existing agreements; and
  • work collaboratively to preserve Canada’s national security.

*Although it is not participating in the initiative being proposed, Quebec recognizes the federal, provincial and territorial governments’ effort. Their initiative quite closely resembles Quebec’s positions on those matters, as expressed in its 2004–07 Action Plan, Shared Values, Common Interests (This document is available on the website of the Ministère de l’Immigration et des Communautés culturelles). That plan complies with Quebec’s powers and responsibilities under the Canada Quebec Accord relating to immigration and the admission of temporary residents. Quebec will continue to share its best practices with other provinces and territories.


In order to achieve this vision Ministers agree upon the following goals and objectives:

  • Economic Growth and Prosperity: contributing to Canada’s economic prosperity by ensuring that the immigration program is responsive to national and local labour market needs, and by more effectively attracting skilled and successful immigrants in a dynamic and competitive international environment.
  • Strengthening the Social Fabric: promoting the reunification of families which strengthens immigrants’ contribution to economic, social and cultural life in Canada and its regions.
  • Supporting Canada’s international humanitarian traditions: focusing Canada’s refugee protection efforts where the need is greatest, including affirming Canada’s commitment to international efforts to provide assistance to those in need of resettlement.
  • Improved Outcomes for Immigrants: strengthening the partnerships and programs needed to ensure the successful social and economic integration of immigrants, while helping to maximize their skills and contribution.
  • Prompt and Efficient Service to Clients: moving to a client-centred model that adequately and appropriately responds to the interests of all concerned (immigrants, communities, employers). Enhancing the delivery and development of programs so that they are responsive and adaptable to the changing global environment (including changes in technology) and contribute to Canada’s economic and social development and to our cultural vitality.
  • Retention and Regionalization: supporting the efforts of all interested jurisdictions in attracting and retaining immigrants to help meet their communities’ particular needs.
  • Strengthening Canada’s defining linguistic characteristics: responding to the needs identified by minority official languages communities in Canada, as appropriate in each jurisdiction.


In working to achieve these objectives, while respecting the underlying principles, the following priorities exist that can be pursued jointly, or led individually.

Improved Selection

  • Multi-year levels planning
  • Development of an in-Canada economic class
  • Issues of mix
    • Addressing the particular needs of local labour markets.
    • Targeting highly qualified persons, graduate students, skilled trades and temporary workers
  • Promotion and recruitment
    • A more aggressive and effective international promotion of Canada, and all its regions, as a destination of choice

Improved Outcomes for Immigrants

  • Maximizing the utilization of immigrant skills
  • Revitalizing the funding model for settlement allocations
  • Improving pre and post-arrival information on Canada and its regions to enhance attraction, integration and retention strategies

Increased Regionalization:

  • Developing initiatives and regional strategies so that local economies are better able to tap the benefits of immigration

Improved Client Service

  • Timely and responsive processing
  • Improved inventory management
  • Shorter waiting times
  • Streamlining the in-Canada refugee determination system